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How To Play Blackjack

Playing Blackjack

Blackjack is a popular card game found in all casinos in the world. As is the case of many games of luck, the origin of the game is unclear, only knowing the indications mentioned at times through different sources. What is certain is that the game of Blackjack comes from a card game called twenty-one, mentioned in one of the books by the famous author Miguel de Cervantes. Over time the game has become so appreciated that it has been adopted by all casinos. The leading cause of the popularity of this game is apparent. In essence, it is a simple game that offers equal chances of winning.

Basic Rules

Whether it is played in a land-based casino or in an online casino, the basic rules are the same. The game uses between one and eight decks of cards that are shuffled together several times, depending on the casino policy. The game table is crescent-shaped and has five, six, or seven free seats that can be occupied by the participants in the game. There is the possibility that when all the seats are filled, a maximum of two players who do not sit at the table can bet on the hand of a participant in the game. Still, the decisions made in the game belong to the player at the table only.

Cards Value

All 52 cards in the pack are used in the Blackjack game. Each book has its own value. Thus, cards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, represent the value inscribed on them. But the big cards, 10, J, Q, K, whatever they are, have a value equal to ten points. And the ace is the only card that has two values. This can mean either 1 or 11, depending on the player's need and decision. The purpose of the game is to accumulate a value of 21 points or as close to it, but not more than 21. If the player or dealer exceeds this value, the game is over.

Blackjack Game

Each round of Blackjack starts with placing the bet by the players. In the first stage of the game, after placing the bet, the dealer distributes two cards to each player and himself, starting from left to right. The cards are shared one after the other, for each player. Thus each player and the dealer receive two cards. Always one of the dealer cards is turned upside down, which is an advantage for the players. The goal of each player is to defeat the dealer. This can be done when the player's cards add up to 21, or when the player's hand is bigger than the dealer's, but not more than 21.

Player Options

After the first stage in which bets were placed, the players decide which choices to make. The game participants have four options available:

  • If the sum of cards is too low, it can ask for cards until it reaches 21 or a value as close as possible.
  • If the player has a satisfactory hand, he may choose not to receive any more cards.
  • If he holds a promising hand, with the value 11, in anticipation of a value card of 10, he can choose to double the bet amount.
  • If the player holds two cards of identical value, he can separate the two cards, thus dividing them into two hands.

Basic strategy

Blackjack Basic Strategy

The first step one needs to take to become a successful and skilled blackjack player is to learn basic blackjack playing strategy.

Julian Braun of IBM was the first man to create a blackjack strategy. He used a computer to simulate millions of blackjack hands to determine what he or she should do to improve their blackjack hand or beat the dealer.

This maths-based blackjack strategy has improved player decisions and reduced the player to casinos disadvantage to less than 1%

The following will outlines the basic strategy of when to hit, stand, double down, split or surrender in a blackjack game to improve the skills of any blackjack player.

Hit or Stand

The most frequent decision a player will have to make is whether to hit or stand. The difficult hands a player must decide on are 12 to 17 as a player is likely to lose more of these hands than they win.

Here are a few basic strategies you should follow.

♠️ Always hit a hand of 11 or less

♠️ Stand on 12 if a dealer has 4-6, otherwise hit

♠️ Stand on 13-16 if a dealer has 2-6, otherwise hit

♠️ Always stand on 17 or above

♠️ Always hit soft 17 or less

♠️ Stand on soft 18 except hit if a dealer 9, 10, or A.

♠️ Always stand on soft 19 or above

Double Down

The blackjack double down strategy allows a player to double their initial bet if they surrender their ability to draw down more than one card. Not all casinos allow a double down option or restrict the option to a hand of 10-11.

Here are a few strategies to determine whether to double down.

♠️ Double hard 9 if a dealer has 3-6

♠️ Double hard 10 unless a dealer has a 10 or A

♠️ Double hard 11 unless a dealer has an A

♠️ Double soft 13 or 14 if a dealer has 5-6

♠️ Double soft 15 or 16 if a dealer has 4-6.

♠️ Double soft 17 or 18 if a dealer has 3-6.

Split Pairs

A player may choose to split a pair dealt to them into two separate hands, this is referred to as a split strategy.

If a player chooses the blakcjack split strategy, they must separate their cards and place an equal bet (to their original bet) at the top of the second card to indicate to the dealer they have chosen to split their hand.

Here are a few basic rules for splitting pairs.

♠️ Always split Aces

♠️ Never split 5's or 10's

♠️ Split 2s and 3s if a dealer has 4-7

♠️ Split 6s if a dealer has 3-6

♠️ Split 7s if a dealer has 2-7

♠️ Split 9s if a dealer has 2-6 or 8-9


One of the most misunderstood strategies in blackjack is the surrender rule.

A player should consider the cards placed in front of them as well as the dealer's upturned card. If they feel they have little to no chance of winning, the player can choose to surrender.

When the player surrenders, the dealer will take half of their bet amount and remove their cards, ending their hand in the game.

As a rule, If a player has a 16 (not two 8's) and the dealer has a 9 through to Ace or a player has a 15 and the dealer has a 10, the player may want to consider surrendering their hand.

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Blackjack is a popular casino game with unlimited variations and some exclusive rules that may apply to specific casinos. Each casino will have several variations of the game; thus, each game may vary slightly based on the rules.

It's one of the best card games if the player has some knowledge of how the game works out. Blackjack is a card game where the player deals with two cards one face up and the other face down. The player decides to stand or stay depending on the value of the card. The same applies to all players in the game until the dealer's time comes.


Although blackjack became popular around the time of the 1st world war, it has its roots in the 1760s. It started back in France, where it was called French for 21 (Vingt-et-Un). Today blackjack is one of the most popular casino games that can hardly be missed on any gambling site.

The rules of the game differ. For example, in the casino version, the house serves as the dealer. In contrast, in casino play, and the players remain seated while the dealer is standing. In this case, the dealer handles all aspects of the game, including handling bets, shuffling and dealing the cards. In the home game, any player can be the dealer.

The Basics

When playing blackjack, the aim is to get as close to 21 points as possible without exceeding the number. The points gathered are equivalent to the number on the cards; picture cards such as Jack, King and Queen are worth 10 points each.

Ace counting is either 1 or 11 as the player desires. If the player exceeds 21 points, they’ll lose (or bust) the game regardless of what the dealer gets. The player will win if the dealer exceeds 21 points. If none of them wins or the player receives more than 21 points, whoever is closest to the number becomes the winner.

Blackjack Bets

Just like other casino games, blackjack needs the player to have a basic understanding of how to place bets. Before putting money on any bet, the player must know how the game works. Beginners should start by playing the game online for free to know the rules of the game, more so how to place bets.

Once they get confident, they can go ahead and put money on the bets. The game also attracts some level of risk like other casino games. When playing blackjack, a variety of betting styles can be used, such as flat betting, progressive betting, the D’Alembert system, the Parlay betting method, or the Martingale system.

Basic Blackjack Strategy

Blackjack is a game that’s governed by player decisions. The player’s choices have a significant role in how hands play and can influence whether a player will make wins or losses. Due to this fact, a mathematically proven strategy can be advantageous when playing the game. Applying the formula will guide the player in picking the best odds.

This is the basic strategy used when playing blackjack. Although most new players are afraid to bust when playing, using the basic approach is a guaranteed way of getting favorable odds and winning the game. Like other casino games, that house brings in some advantage in the games; blackjack is no exception.

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How to win

In blackjack, the players' skills matter the most. Therefore, players looking to win consistently in blackjack must test different strategies and find out which one works best for them. After deciding on the best strategies, they can then incorporate them into their gameplay to place real wagers.

However, most good strategies out there were devised based on maths and logic. It's not wise to come up with plans based on superstitions and winning rituals when it comes to blackjack. In this article, players can find tips that will help them make consistent winnings in their blackjack games.

Picking the Right Casino and Blackjack Variant

Most players make a mistake by neglecting the importance of picking the right casino. However, choosing the right casino is usually the first step to beating the game. The trick is finding reputable casinos that offer generous bonuses.

After choosing the right casino, players should then find the right blackjack variant to engage in play. In this case, one should look at the house edge and choose the lower ones. Players looking to dominate in blackjack should look for blackjack variants with house edges ranging from 0.1% to 0.6%. There are plenty of options with this range.

Learning About the Blackjack Variant Inside and Out

Every blackjack variant is unique from the next. Although the games may seem similar, they always have varying rules that determine the gameplay. Therefore, players cannot stick to the same strategy in multiple games. Every rule matters since they affect the house edge, and sticking to one plan can lead to significant losses.

For players to master the game and avoid losses, they can practice using free game options to prevent losses. This can help them understand the rules of the games, how they affect the game, and they will also try out strategies to find the ones that work.

Using a Basic Blackjack Strategy Card

After familiarizing themselves with the rules of the game, players should find the necessary blackjack strategy card that is specific to the games they chose. These cards should help the players make the right decision in every situation.

In every blackjack variant, the complete strategy should consist of three main parts. This includes one part for hard hands, another part for soft hands, and the other for pairs. There are plenty of blackjack basic strategy calculators on the internet, which players can use to come up with the ultimate blackjack strategy charts that will help them master the game.

Using Bonuses to Master Blackjack Strategies

One of the most significant advantages of engaging in online blackjack games is the generous bonuses that the casinos offer online. This allows players to participate in play with money that they did not invest in the first place. Players will also be allowed to keep the money that they win using bonuses.

In blackjack variants, this is the best bet to beating casinos in blackjack. To win, one should always combine blackjack variants with the lowest house edge, a solid maths-based house edge, and use the casino's suitable bonuses to engage in play. Using these tricks, players will always beat casinos in blackjack gameplay.

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Blackjack is a game of skill that requires it's players to make strategic mathematical decisions to beat the dealer.

To actually be a successful blackjack player and master the game, it is essential to understand it's odds for each scenario throughout the game and how to make strategic decisions based on these odds.

Unlike other casino games, the outcome for each game of blackjack is determined by the last game. As cards are moved from the deck after each game, the probability of winning changes.

In this article, the discussion focuses on the house edge, player advantage, and the player and dealers bust probability based on cards in a hand.

The House Edge

It goes without saying that the odds for blackjack are in favor of the house; however, the house edge for blackjack is lower than other games.

If a player and dealer were to stand on 17 and over but hit on 16 and under, they would both have a bust rate of 29%.

This would seem even; however, a dealer claims the bet for any player who busts even if they bust themselves. This puts the odds back in the hands of the casino.

If a player follows a basic blackjack strategy and a few simple rules the player can reduce the house edge to around 0.5% compared to an average 6%

The Player Advantage

For a player to improve their odds in blackjack, they should follow a few simple rules.

♦️ Stand on 17 and over

♦️ Split Aces

♦️ Hit on a hand scoring 11 or less

♦️ Hit on a soft 16 or less

♦️ Never split 5s or 10s

♦️ Surrender hand if there is little to no chance of winning (if allowed by the casino)

♦️ Double down when possible (not all casinos allow double down, and some restrict to 10 and 11)

♦️ Remember blackjack pays a player 3:2

♦️ Remember the probability of a game is determined by the last game played, as cards are removed from the deck after each game, changing the odds.

Player's Probability to Bust

To be a successful blackjack player, it's essential to understand the odds and probability of bust to take one more card.

Below is a breakdown of probability based on your hand values. The higher the value, the higher the probability to bust.

♦️ Hand of 11 or less; probability is 0%

♦️ Hand of 12; probability is 31%

♦️ Hand of 13; probability is 39%

♦️ Hand of 14; probability is 56%

♦️ Hand of 15; probability is 58%

♦️ Hand of 16; probability is 62%

♦️ Hand of 17; probability is 69%

♦️ Hand of 18; probability is 77%

♦️ Hand of 19; probability is 85%

♦️ Hand of 20; probability is 92%

♦️ Hand of 21; probability is 100%

Dealer's Probability To Bust

It is just as essential in understanding a dealer's probability to bust as it is to understand a player's chances.

Below is a breakdown of the dealer's probability to bust with a soft 17 based on the dealer's first card shown.

Dealer Ace: Stand 17% - Hit 20%

Dealer 2: Stand 35% - Hit 36%

Dealer 3: Stand 37% - Hit 38%

Dealer 4: Stand 40% - Hit 40%

Dealer 5: Stand 42% - Hit 42%

Dealer 6: Stand 42% - Hit 44%

Dealer 7: Stand 26% - Hit 26%

Dealer 8: Stand 24%- Hit 24%

Dealer 9: Stand 23% - Hit 23%

Dealer 10: Stand 23% - Hit 23%

The dealer has the highest probability to bust on 6.

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Before getting started on blackjack, it's good to understand the basic rules of the game. These will help players learn and come up with their own strategies to win the game. By just following fundamental aspects such as when to hit or stand, double down, split pairs, and surrender, players can learn to win and master any opponents.

Learn the Rules of Blackjack in Order to Become a Master

Of course, players can engage in play by understanding the basic rules. However, for them to win in blackjack, they need to understand more than the basic rules. This article discusses the top practices that can help players secure a win in any blackjack match.

Basic Rules When Playing Blackjack

Typically, blackjack starts when players make bets. The dealers will then deal four cards; two to the player and two to themselves. One card will be face down while the other is face up. All cards usually count based on their face value. Picture cards normally count as 10, the ace card counts as either 1 or 11, but the card suits have no meaning.

The player will choose when to hit or stand, double down, split pairs, or surrender, but the dealer is the person who acts last. Players will win when they have higher hand totals than the dealer, or less than 21 when dealer busts.

Blackjack Card Rules

In most cases, casinos advise players to try to get as close to 21 as possible as this is the objective of blackjack. However, to win, players need to come up with two goals; get a total that exceeds the dealer's hand and avoiding getting over 21 when the dealers do.

The total of each hand is the sum of all the card values in the hand. For instance, if a hand contains queens, the total amount is 15. When a player or dealer exceeds 21, this is known as busting. When a player doesn't have an Ace or if it counts as 1, it is called a hard hand.

Blackjack Betting Rules

Typically, blackjack can be played by up to seven players seated at a round table that is covered with a felt cloth. There's a box or square in front of each player, where the wagers are placed. The dealers are the ones responsible for paying winning bets, collecting losses and keeping the game going.

Players are not allowed to bet using cash. However, casino betting chips and checks can be used. Players buy chips from dealers who complete current rounds. Some casinos let players play with more than one hand, assuming the rest of the positions are open. This means that they will have to place a wager on each hand.

Blackjack Playing Decision Rules

When the player sees their cards and one of the dealer's cards, they'll have to make a playing decision. This means that they can choose to hit, stand, double down, surrender or pair split. Hitting means that the player will receive another card to their hand.

When the player stands, it means that they are satisfied with the total of the hand and they would like to stand with the cards. Pair splitting happens when players have two Aces, and they would like to split them. When players double down, they'll double their original bet and in return receive a drawcard, unlike the surrender where players lose half of the bet.

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